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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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each that, c in the interests of the Soviets, Poland was to be strong and
independent/ and so forth. It is only fair to emphasise that both these
men had stated quite definitely that they had gone to Russia of their own
accord and were not representing anyone, or any political party.*
The Kremlin announced in May that representatives of the mysterious
c Peoples' National Council' were visiting Moscow. They had arrived
with the object of " acquainting themselves with the activities of the
' Union of the Polish Patriots ' in the U.S.S.R., and the First Polish
Army," and to " establish connection with the Allied Governments,
including (!) the Soviet Goveminent."t Thus the c Polish Soviet *
made its appearance in Moscow. On this occasion, the Russians were to
disclose one Polish name over the radio, but it was the equivalent of the
English Brown or Smith and an unknown personality. At the same time,
Moscow radio hinted that representatives of the  Polish Soviets * were
willing to visit the other Allied Governments.
The chief aim of the Soviets5 1943-1944 propaganda campaign against
Poland was to convince the United Nations that the Poles were divided
and that a large section of the Polish people were pro-Soviet and would
willingly follow the path of a close alliance with Russia.
In February, Moscow announced a change in one of the paragraphs of
their Constitution, by which the sixteen Soviet Republics were now to
become c independent.' Russia's * voluntary incorporation ' of her neigh-
bours would thus obviously be facilitated,, or, at least, so it was to appear
in world opinion. The immediate result of this was that the Soviet-
appointed Presidents of the Baltic Republics residing in Moscow an-
nounced (the Allied Press passed over this fact in silence) that they,, in
the name of their States, were " united with the Soviets for ever."
The c Polish Peoples' National Council * the forerunner of the Soviet
Polish Government, could sooner or later be expected to follow this
path of' voluntary incorporation " into the Soviet Union.
In accordance with the Communist's method of attacking the enemy in
his own camp^ Moscow propaganda made a determined onslaught against
the Polish forces in Britain and the Middle East during the winter of
1943 and the spring of 1944. Until then, the main topic had been that
the Poles had left Russia and did not wish to fight against the Germans.
" The Polish Army has gone into disgraceful exile in Irak," wrote Soviet
Free Poland in Moscow, " we have nothing in common with the treach-
erous policy of Sikorski. There is no Polish Army on the Eastern front^
* Father Orlemanski had left his parish without the knowledge or consent of his
superiors, and after this visit was suspended forthwith. Immediately on his return^
he confessed his disobedience to the Church, and retired for ever from political
activities. Professor Lange seems to have been very cautious in expressing his
views on his unexpected trip to Russia, but he announced that e part' of the Poles
in the Soviet Union were in support of the Polish Government in London,
f Soviet Press, May 24th3 1944.